Template:Multiple image

From Wikipedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Template documentation[view] [edit] [history] [purge]

Template:Documentation subpage Template:Warning Template:Lua Template:Uses TemplateStyles

This template creates a box containing between two and ten images, arranged either vertically or horizontally and with captions for the entire box or per image.

With the appropriate choice of parameters, the template can automatically resize images to a given total width with each image having the same height.

Be aware that this template does not respect users' default image size preferences. (Wikipedia:Image use policy states: Template:Tq)

If image size parameters are omitted, this template sets all images at 200px wide, regardless of whether the reader has set a preference for some other default image width. This causes multiple images to look out of scale to the other images in an article.

Syntax and parameters[edit source]

Provide height[n] and total_width parameters to obtain automatic resizing. Note the different meanings of the width[n] parameters with vs. without automatic resizing. Please also note the option to set a total_width parameter at the beginning of the multiple image template.

No automatic resizing of all images to the same height
{{multiple image|perrow = 1|total_width=600
<!-- Layout parameters -->
 | align             = <!-- right (default), left, center, none --> 
 | direction         = <!-- horizontal (default), vertical -->
 | background color  = <!-- box background as a 'hex triplet' web color (include the initial #) -->
 | width             = <!-- displayed width of each image in pixels (an integer, omit "px" suffix); overrides "width[n]"s below -->
 | caption_align     = <!-- left (default), center, right --> 
 | image_style       = <!-- border:1; (default) -->
 | image_gap         = <!-- 5 (default)-->

<!-- Header -->
 | header_background = <!-- header background as a 'hex triplet' web color (include the initial #) -->
 | header_align      = <!-- center (default), left, right -->
 | header            = <!-- header text -->

<!--image 1-->
 | image1            = <!-- filename only, i.e. without "File:" or "Image:" prefix -->
 | width1            = <!-- displayed width of image; overridden by "width" above -->
 | alt1              = 
 | link1             = 
 | thumbtime1        =
 | caption1          = 
<!--image 2-->
 | image2            = <!-- filename only, i.e. without "File:" or "Image:" prefix -->
 | width2            = <!-- displayed width of image; overridden by "width" above -->
 | alt2              = 
 | link2             = 
 | thumbtime2        =
 | caption2          = 
<!-- and so on, to a maximum of 10 images (image10) -->

<!-- Footer -->
 | footer_background = <!-- footer background as a 'hex triplet' web color (include the initial #) -->
 | footer_align      = <!-- left (default), center, right -->
 | footer            = <!-- footer text -->
}}
Automatic resizing of all images to the same height and to a given total width
{{multiple image
<!-- Layout parameters -->
 | align             = <!-- right (default), left, center, none --> 
 | direction         = <!-- horizontal (default), vertical -->
 | background color  = <!-- box background -->
 | total_width       = <!-- total width of all the displayed images in pixels (an integer, omit "px" suffix) -->
 | caption_align     = <!-- left (default), center, right --> 

<!-- Header -->
 | header_background = 
 | header_align      = <!-- center (default), left, right -->
 | header            = 

<!--image 1-->
 | image1            = <!-- filename only, i.e. without "File:" or "Image:" prefix -->
 | alt1              = 
 | link1             = 
 | thumbtime1        =
 | caption1          = 
<!--image 2-->
 | image2            = <!-- filename only, i.e. without "File:" or "Image:" prefix -->
 | alt2              = 
 | link2             = 
 | thumbtime2        =
 | caption2          = 
<!-- and so on, to a maximum of 10 images (image10) -->

<!-- Footer -->
 | footer_background = 
 | footer_align      = <!-- left (default), center, right -->
 | footer            = 
}}
Parameter Description
align right (default), left, center
direction horizontal (default), vertical
background color To set the background color of the box in which the images appear.
header_background
header_align center (default), left, right
header
width Use to set the same width for each image (i.e. overrides any Template:Mono below). Do not include if different image widths intended, including if images are to be resized to a fixed total width.
total_width Use to scale the images to the same height and this total width. Do not use both Template:Mono and Template:Mono.
image[n] (where [n] = 1 to 10)  Filename of [n]th image.
width[n] (as above)  Two meanings: (1) The width (in pixels, integer, omit "px") of [n]th image. Overridden by Template:Mono (if set). (2) The full width of the original [n]th image if Template:Mono is given in order to resize all images to the same height and a given total width.
height[n] (as above)  The full height of the original [n]th image if Template:Mono is given in order to resize all images to the same height and a given total width. Ignored otherwise.
alt[n] (as above)  Alt description for [n]th image.
link[n] (as above)  The page linked to the [n]th image (i.e. the page that is loaded when the image is clicked).
  • If this parameter is omitted altogether, the image will link to its image description page as usual (this is by far the most common usage case).
  • If this parameter is present but left empty (i.e. Template:Mono), the image will not link to anything – this should be the case only for purely decorative images per WP:ALT.
  • Important: If the image is under a free license (such as the GDFL or a free CC license), the terms of such license require the license, or a link to it, to be reproduced with the image. The image must, therefore, link to its image description page, which can be achieved simply by omitting the link[n] parameter from the template as mentioned. Public domain and (theoretically) fair use images are not subject to this restriction.
thumbtime[n] (as above)  When using video files, sets the time within the video that is used for the initial display. This is either a number of seconds or hours:minutes:seconds; see commons:Commons:Video#Setting a video thumbnail image.
caption[n] (as above)  Caption for the [n]th image.
caption_align left (default), center, right
footer_background
footer_align left (default), center, right
footer Caption that spans the entire box, as opposed to individual images. Avoid "left" and "right" if possible, since mobile devices may display the images vertically.

Examples[edit source]

Yellow cartouche
Red cartouche
Players are cautioned with a yellow card and sent off with a red card.
{{multiple image
 | width = 60
 | image1 = Yellow card.svg
 | alt1 = Yellow cartouche
 | image2 = Red card.svg
 | alt2 = Red cartouche
 | footer = Players are cautioned with a yellow card and sent off with a red card.
}}
PNG transparency demonstration
Colored dice with white background
A PNG image with an 8-bit transparency layer...
Colored dice with checkered background
...here overlaying a checkered background.
{{multiple image
 | align = left
 | direction = vertical
 | width = 200
 | header = [[Portable Network Graphics|PNG]] transparency demonstration
 | image1 = PNG transparency demonstration 1.png
 | alt1 = Colored dice with white background
 | caption1 = A PNG image with an 8-bit transparency layer...
 | image2 = PNG transparency demonstration 2.png
 | alt2 = Colored dice with checkered background
 | caption2 = ...here overlaying a checkered background.
}}
2
3
4
When a user has many of one type of barnstar, they can represent them with ribbons and these numerals to indicate the count.
{{multiple image
 | width = 60
 | image1=Ribbon numeral 2.png | alt1=2
 | image2=Ribbon numeral 3.png | alt2=3
 | image3=Ribbon numeral 4.png | alt3=4
 | footer = When a user has many of one type of [[WP:BARN|barnstar]], they can represent them with [[WP:RIBBON|ribbons]] and these numerals to indicate the count.
}}
Template:Clear right

With background color[edit source]

Green herb with a few tiny yellow-white flowers
Three small white and yellow flowers before green-leaf background
Leaves of a plant, in groups of three each with three lobes
Adoxa (Adoxa moschatellina)
{{multiple image
 | background color = #BBDD99
 | width = 160
 | image1 = Adoxa_moschatellina_210406.jpg
 | alt1 = Green herb with a few tiny yellow-white flowers
 | image2 = Adoxa_moschatellina_210406a.jpg
 | alt2 = Three small white and yellow flowers before green-leaf background
 | image3 = adoxa_moschatellina_blatt.jpeg
 | alt3 = Leaves of a plant, in groups of three each with three lobes
 | footer_background = #BBDD99
 | footer_align = center
 | footer = [[Adoxa]] (''Adoxa moschatellina'')
}}

With links (link[n])[edit source]

A mule
A mule
(骡子 luózi)
A donkey
A donkey
(驴子 lǘzi)
A trout
A fish
( )
The image of the mule links to Mule; the image of the donkey does not link anywhere; the image of the trout links to a standard image description page.

Template:Clear left

{{multiple image
 | align = left

 | image1 = Frecklesmule.jpg
 | width1 = 143
 | alt1 = A mule
 | link1 = Mule
 | caption1 = A mule<br />(骡子 ''luózi'')

 | image2 = Donkey in Clovelly, North Devon, England.jpg
 | width2 = 150
 | alt2 = A donkey
 | link2 = 
 | caption2  = A donkey<br />(驴子 ''lǘzi'')

 | image3 = Rainbow_trout.png
 | width3 = 91
 | alt3 = A trout
 | caption3  = A fish<br />({{lang|zh|2=鱼}} '''')

 | footer = The image of the mule links to [[Mule]]; the image of the donkey does not link anywhere; the image of the trout links to a [[Image description page|standard image description page]].
}}
Template:Clear right

Using direction[edit source]

By default, the images the template presents are displayed horizontally, as a row (see left; equivalent to setting Template:Mono). To display them vertically, i.e. as a column, set Template:Mono (see right).

(horizontal)
(vertical)

On mobile devices some images may always be displayed vertically if the total width is larger than around 320.

To match image heights[edit source]

Template:Hatnote

  • Decide on a total width for all the images, say 320px
  • Set the total width using Template:Para
A donkey
Rectangular image of a donkey, originally 536 pixels high.
A trout
Square image of a trout, originally 300 pixels high.
Both images have been rendered with the same height, and a total width of 320px
{{multiple image
 | align = right
 | total_width = 320

 | image1 = Donkey in Clovelly, North Devon, England.jpg
 | alt1 = A donkey
 | caption1 = Rectangular image of a donkey, originally 536 pixels high.

 | image2 = Rainbow_trout.png
 | alt2 = A trout
 | caption2 = Square image of a trout, originally 300 pixels high.

 | footer = Both images have been rendered with the same height, and a total width of 320px
}}

The aspect ratio of each image is automatically retrieved from the File metadata. You can override the native width and height values by

Multiple rows[edit source]

To create an array of images, with multiple rows, use Template:Para. The value passed to Template:Para may be a single number, or a list of numbers delimited by /. This feature may also be combined with Template:Para for multiple rows of images with the same total width.

Surveying Equipment. Clockwise from upper left: Optical Theodolite, Robotic total station, Optical level, RTK GPS Base station.
{{multiple image|perrow = 2|total_width=300
| image1 = Kern_Theodolit_DKM2-A.jpg
| image2 = Total-Robotic-Station.jpg
| image3 = DumpyLevel.jpg
| image4 = GPS_Survey_Equipment_at_Weir_Dyke_Bridge_-_geograph.org.uk_-_336908.jpg
| footer = Surveying Equipment. Clockwise from upper left: Optical Theodolite, Robotic total station, Optical level, [[Real-time kinematic | RTK]] GPS Base station.
}}
Template:Clear right

Removing the image border[edit source]

The border around the images can be removed using Template:Para.

A donkey
Image of a donkey
A trout
Image of a trout
{{multiple image
 | align = right
 | total_width = 320
 | image_style = border:none;

 | image1 = Donkey in Clovelly, North Devon, England.jpg
 | alt1 = A donkey
 | caption1 = Image of a donkey

 | image2 = Rainbow_trout.png
 | alt2 = A trout
 | caption2 = Image of a trout
}}
Template:Clear right

Increasing the gap between images[edit source]

The gap between the images can be increased using Template:Para, where N is the number of pixels (must be non-negative).

A donkey
Image of a donkey
A trout
Image of a trout
{{multiple image
 | align = right
 | total_width = 320
 | image_gap = 20

 | image1 = Donkey in Clovelly, North Devon, England.jpg
 | alt1 = A donkey
 | caption1 = Image of a donkey

 | image2 = Rainbow_trout.png
 | alt2 = A trout
 | caption2 = Image of a trout
}}
Template:Clear right

TemplateData[edit source]

Template:FormatTemplateData

Tracking categories[edit source]